🚧Permission model

What is permission model?

Permission model is a special concept introduced by SnowDDL to help managing permissions for databases and schemas. Permission model holds information about CREATE GRANTS and FUTURE GRANTS.

Permission models are optional. If you do not set it explicitly, DEFAULT model will be used for all schemas. You may check the specific configuration of DEFAULT model on this page.


Permission model allows you to specify the following types of grants:

  • OWNER create grants - which types of objects can be created by OWNER role;

  • OWNER future grants - which future grants should be applied to OWNER role (usually OWNERSHIP)

  • WRITE future grants - which future grants should be applied to WRITE role

  • READ future grants - which future grants should be applied to READ role


Additionally, you may choose one of two "rulesets" defining how grants should be applied. Currently available rulesets are called: SCHEMA_OWNER and DATABASE_OWNER.

Here is the comparison table:


Selected by default

Must be configured explicitly

OWNER role is created on schema level

OWNER role is created on database level

OWNER cannot create new schemas

OWNER can create new schemas

Schemas are owned by SnowDDL admin

Schemas are owned by OWNER role

Schemas are created with MANAGED ACCESS

Schemas are created without MANAGED ACCESS

READ and WRITE roles are created on schema level

READ and WRITE roles are created on database level, but additionally on schema level for each explicitly configured schema

DATABASE_OWNER ruleset is typically used for external tools which absolutely require ability to create their own schemas, such as Fivetran, Airbyte, etc.

Setting permission model

  1. Define permission models(s) in config.

  2. Set permission model(s) in DATABASE or SCHEMA configs.

If permission model is set on DATABASE level, all its SCHEMAS inherit it by default.

You can mix & match different permission models across different schemas, but the ruleset on all models in one DATABASE must be the same.

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